Masak, Macak, Manak Nowadays through Challenge-Based Research on Nol Dance Creation

Main Article Content

Yulela Nur Imama
Michiyo Yoneno Reyes


Patriarchy in Javanese culture gives birth to gender stratification between women and men. This attitude has an impact on the work delegated to women. This stigma requires women to fulfill cultural values that include 3M, namely masak, macak, manak. This study aims to find out the existence and relevance of the values of masak, macak, and manak, in the form of dance works, and to find out how these values must be maintained. The method used is the method of creation based on the concept of art-based research. This research on the creation of dance works is based on challenges, namely through the process of creating challenges. The study was conducted by challenging ten participants to communicate and do several things intensely, both personally and communally, for seven days online through the "7 days cooking" challenge. The results of this study are in the form of dance performances containing messages of masak, macak, and manak which are displayed live streaming on the Youtube social media channel.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Bakirova, Samal A., Toigan O. Izim, Lyudmila A. Nikolayeva, and Gulnara Yu. Saitova. 2021. “Choreographic Art Features: Creative Concepts and Innovations in Teaching.” Thinking Skills and Creativity 41 (September): 100901.

Bannerji, Himani. 2020. “But Who Speaks for Us? Experience and Agency in Conventional Feminist Paradigms.” In The Ideological Condition: Selected Essays on History, Race and Gender, 53–80. Brill.

Chen, Tony, and Michael L. Eisenberg. 2020. “Challenges in Survey-Based Research.” The Journal of Sexual Medicine 17 (11): 2115–17.

Coyne, Lisa W, Evelyn R Gould, Mikala Grimaldi, Kelly G Wilson, Gabriel Baffuto, and Anthony Biglan. 2021. “First Things First: Parent Psychological Flexibility and Self-Compassion during COVID-19.” Behavior Analysis in Practice 14 (4): 1092–98.

Fitrianggraeni, Setyawati. 2019. “Building Business, Enriching Lives: An Indonesian Initiative to Empower Women in the Fishing Communities.” WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs 18 (4): 595–616.

Goa, Maria Yasintha, Imami Nur Rachmawati, and Titin Ungsianik. 2021. “Paternal Self-Efficacy in the Patriarchal Culture of Kupang City, Indonesia.” Enfermería Clínica 31 (April): S457–60.

Gottowik, Volker. 2019. “Playing With Images: The Visualization of the Other in Hindu-Balinese Religion.” International Journal of Interreligious and Intercultural Studies 2 (1): 78–91.

Greene, Gayle, and Coppelia Kahn. 2020. “Feminist Scholarship and the Social Construction of Woman.” In Making a Difference:, 1–36. Routledge.

Little, Ben, and Alison Winch. 2017. “Generation: The Politics of Patriarchy and Social Change.” Soundings 66 (66): 129–44.

Mawaddah, Haalin, Suyitno Suyitno, and Raheni Suhita. 2021. “Javanese Women’s Efforts to Face Patriarchal Culture in the Novel Para Priyayi by Umar Kayam.” International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding 8 (1): 100–110.

McNiff, Shaun. 2011. “Artistic Expressions as Primary Modes of Inquiry.” British Journal of Guidance & Counselling 39 (5): 385–96.

Muhmad Pirus, Mohd Shahnawi, and Hany Nurahmawati. 2020. “Javanese Women Identity Regarding 3M: Macak-Manak-Masak Values.” International Journal of Culture and History 7 (2): 54.

Retnaningsih, Umi Oktyari. 2013. “Indonesian Educated Unmarried Career Women: Gender Inequality, Discrimination, and Prejudices.” Asian Women 29 (1): 5–25.

Riany, Yulina Eva, Pamela Meredith, and Monica Cuskelly. 2017. “Understanding the Influence of Traditional Cultural Values on Indonesian Parenting.” Marriage & Family Review 53 (3): 207–26.

Rioufol, Véronique. 2004. “Approaches to Social Change in Social Forums: Snapshots of Recompositions in Progress.” International Social Science Journal 56 (182): 551–63.

Widayati, Mukti, Farida Nugrahani, Titik Sudiatmi, Benedictus Sudiyana, and Joko Suryono. 2018. “Representation Women Subordinated of Java Culture in Bumi Manusia by Pramudya Ananta Toer.” In 2nd Workshop on Language, Literature and Society for Education. European Alliance for Innovation (EAI).