Animating Indonesian folklore “Smong” as a child-friendly guide for disaster preparedness

Main Article Content

Agung Zainal Muttakin Raden
Muhammad Iqbal Qeis
Siriporn Maneechukate


Smong is a folklore from Simeulue Island in the western part of Indonesia. Smong contains wisdom about disaster preparedness and mitigation related to earthquakes and tsunamis. Although located near the epicenter of the earthquake, the inhabitants of Simeulue Island managed to save themselves when the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami disaster occurred through the local wisdom taught in the form of Smong folklore. As Indonesia sits in an earthquake and tsunami-prone area, the local wisdom of the inhabitants of Simeulue Island needs to be widely disseminated as a form of disaster preparedness. However, Smong is taught using the Devayan Language indigenous to Simeulue Island. Therefore, there is a need to adapt this into a modern platform so it can be understood throughout the nation, especially by the younger generation as an early guide for emergency preparedness. This article will discuss the process of adapting the folklore “Smong” into a child-friendly digital media in the form of animation for Indonesian society. The adaptation used the design thinking method through a double-diamond approach which consists of Discover, Define, Develop, and Deliver. The adaptation resulted in an animated film depicting the local wisdom from Simeulue Island accompanied by a song in the Indonesian language so it can be understood and becomes a medium of learning for the child about disaster preparedness related to earthquakes and tsunamis.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



A. N. Gadeng, E. Maryani, and D. Rohmat, ‘The Value of Local Wisdom Smong in Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Simeulue Regency, Aceh Province’, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 145, p. 012041, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/145/1/012041.

Hidayatullah, ‘Tradisi Smong yang Selamatkan Warga Simeulue dari Tsunami’. [Online]. Available:

M. R. Lauder and A. F. Lauder, ‘Maritime Indonesia and the Archipelagic Outlook; Some reflections from a multidisciplinary perspective on old port cities in Java’, Wacana, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 97, May 2016, doi: 10.17510/wacana.v17i1.428.

Y. Syafitri, B. Bahtiar, and L. A. Didik, ‘Analisis Pergeseran Lempeng Bumi Yang Meningkatkan Potensi Terjadinmya Gempa Bumi Di Pulau Lombok’, KONSTAN - Jurnal Fisika dan Pendidikan Fisika, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 139–146, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.20414/konstan.v4i2.43.

D. H. Natawidjaja, ‘Siklus Mega-Tsunami Di Wilayah Aceh-Andaman Dalam Konteks Sejarah’, Jurnal RISET Geologi dan Pertambangan, vol. 25, no. 1, p. 49, Jun. 2015, doi: 10.14203/risetgeotam2015.v25.107.

A. Hakim, D. N. Inten, and D. Mulyani, ‘The Literation of Disaster Mitigation for Early Childhood’, in Proceedings of the 2nd Social and Humaniora Research Symposium (SoRes 2019), Bandung, Indonesia: Atlantis Press, 2020. doi: 10.2991/assehr.k.200225.060.

A. Rahman, A. Sakurai, and K. Munadi, ‘The analysis of the development of the Smong story on the 1907 and 2004 Indian Ocean tsunamis in strengthening the Simeulue island community’s resilience’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 29, pp. 13–23, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.015.

R. H. Sari and S. Taqwaddin Husin, ‘Kearifan Lokal Smong Masyarakat Simeulue Dalam Kesiapsiagaan Bencana 12 Tahun Pasca Tsunami’, Jurnal Ilmu Kebencanaan: Program Pascasarjana Unsyiah, vol. 3, no. 1, 2016.

B. Islam, A. Ahmed, K. Islam, and A. K. Shamsuddin, ‘Child Education Through Animation: An Experimental Study’, IJCGA, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 43–52, Oct. 2014, doi: 10.5121/ijcga.2014.4404.

Syafwina, ‘Recognizing Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Management: Smong, Early Warning System from Simeulue Island, Aceh’, Procedia Environmental Sciences, vol. 20, pp. 573–582, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.070.

S. A. Sutton, D. Paton, P. Buergelt, S. Sagala, and E. Meilianda, ‘Nandong Smong and tsunami lullabies: Song and music as an effective communication tool in disaster risk reduction’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 65, p. 102527, Nov. 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102527.

I. Triastari, S. I. A. Dwiningrum, and S. H. Rahmia, ‘Developing Disaster Mitigation Education with Local Wisdom: Exemplified in Indonesia Schools’, IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 884, no. 1, p. 012004, Nov. 2021, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/884/1/012004.

R. Machida, ‘Development of the disaster prevention and minimization educational program for reconstruction after the kumamoto earthquake’, geomate, vol. 19, no. 71, Jul. 2020, doi: 10.21660/2020.71.9190.

Nurlaila, ‘Roro Jonggrang: Animation Of Folklore For National Cultural Education Media’, REKAM, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 37–50, Apr. 2022, doi: 10.24821/rekam.v18i1.6699.

M. F. Tannian, ‘Embracing Quality with Design Thinking’, in The Future of Software Quality Assurance, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2020, pp. 161–174. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-29509-7_13.

K. Tschimmel, ‘Design Thinking as an effective Toolkit for Innovation.’, in Proceedings of the XXIII ISPIM Conference: Action for Innovation: Innovating from Experience., Barcelona, 2012.

D. Gustafsson, ‘Analysing the Double diamond design process through research & implementation’, Aalto University, 2019.

B. Lawson, How Designers Think The Design Process Demystified. Burlington: Architectural Press is an imprint of Elsevier, 2005.

Ü. Pikkov, Animasophy: Theoretical Writings on the Animated Film. Tallinn, Estonia: Estonian Academy of Arts, 2010.

D. P. Setyaningsih et al., ‘Tsunami Hazard Modelling in the Coastal Area of Kulon Progo Regency’, IJReSES, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 184, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2022.v19.a3822.