Sonny Angjaya


Tilik is a short film directed by Wahyu Agung Prasetyo. Given that the film's plot is primarily focused on the relationships of its female characters, the problem of female representation cannot be ignored. This article focuses on the power dynamic between the film's two central female characters, Bu Tejo and Dian, through the lens of Amy Allen's feminist perspective on power. The analysis identifies four dimensions of representation that contribute significantly to the development of their power relationship: physical appearance, marital status, gender role depiction, and socioeconomic status. The underlying significance of the power relationship between Bu Tejo and Dian in the film is analyzed through qualitative Content Analysis and Contextual Analysis approaches. This study reveals that the film portrays both women ambiguously, how patriarchal society creates an ecosystem that pits women against one another for power, and how the minor male characters in the film continue to exert signifficant influence over Bu Tejo and Dian in acquiring, maintaining, and exercising their power in a patriarchal society.


feminism;gender;power relation;representation;woman

Full Text:



Allen, A. (1998). Rethinking Power. Hypatia, 13(1), 21-40. DOI:

Auchmuty, R. (2012). Law and the Power of Feminism: How Marriage Lost Its Power to Oppress Women. Feminist Legal Studies, 20(2), 71-87. DOI:

Baker, E. H. (2014). Socioeconomic Status, Definition. The Wiley Blackwell encyclopedia of health, illness, behavior, and society, 2210-2214. DOI:

Barker, C., & Jane, E. A. (2016). Cultural Studies: Theory and Practice. SAGE.

Christina, C. (2020). The Analysis of Bu Tejo’s Language in Short Film “Tilik”. Metaphor, 3(1), 56-67. Retrieved From

Collins, R. L. (2011). Content Analysis of Gender Roles in Media: Where are We Now and Where should We Go?. Sex Roles, 64(3-4), 290-298. DOI:

Cuklanz, L. (2016). Feminist Theory in Communication. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy, 1-11. DOI:

DePaulo, B. M., & Morris, W. L. (2006). The Unrecognized Stereotyping and Discrimination against Singles. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(5), 251-254.

Frandika, E., & Idawati, I. (2020). Tindak Tutur Ilokusi dalam Film Pendek “Tilik (2018)”. Pena Literasi, 3(2), 61-69.

Himawan, K. K., Bambling, M., & Edirippulige, S. (2018). What does It Mean to be Single in Indonesia? Religiosity, Social Stigma, and Marital Status among Never-Married Indonesian Adults. Sage Open, 8(3), 2158244018803132.

Inayaturrobbani, F. (2020). Memahami Fungsi Gosip dalam Masyarakat Melalui Film Pendek “Tilik”. TONIL: Jurnal Kajian Sastra, Teater dan Sinema, 17(2), 41-54.

Longhurst, B. J., Smith, G. W. H., Bagnall, G., Crawford, G., Ogborn, M., Baldwin, E., & McCracken, S. (2008). Introducing Cultural Studies. Pearson.

McAndrew, F. T. (2014). The “Sword of a Woman”: Gossip and Female Aggression. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(3), 196-199.

Mulvey, L. (1989). Visual and Other Pleasures. Springer.

Nurhablisyah, N., & Susanti, K. (2020). Analisis Isi “Tilik”, Sebuah Tinjauan Narasi Film David Bordwell. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi UHO: Jurnal Penelitian Kajian Ilmu Komunikasi dan Informasi, 5(4), 318-332.

Prasetyo, W.A. (Director). (2018). Tilik. Ravacana Film.

Savitri, A., & Kusnarto, K. (2020). Kontestasi Wacana dan Suara Perempuan dalam Film “Tilik: Ladies on Top” Karya Wahyu Agung Prasetyo. voxpop, 2(2), 3-11.

Smelik, A. (2016). Feminist Film Theory. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies, 1-5.

Smith-Hefner, N. J. (2007). Javanese Women and the Veil in post-Soeharto Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Studies, 389-420. Retrieved From

Smith, J. A. (2017). Textual Analysis. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods, 1-7.

Sutandio, A. (2020). Dasar-Dasar Kajian Sinema. Penerbit Ombak.

Sutherland, J. A., & Feltey, K. M. (2017). Here’s Looking at Her: an Intersectional Analysis of Women, Power and Feminism in Film. Journal of Gender Studies, 26(6), 618-631.

Tracy, S. J. (2019). Qualitative Research Methods: Collecting Evidence, Crafting Analysis, Communicating Impact. John Wiley & Sons.

Tuchman, G. (1981). The Symbolic Annihilation of Women by the Mass Media. I Cohen, S och Young, J (red.) The Manufacture of News.

Tutiasri, R. P., Yuliani, E. R., Purnamasari, N. P., & Putri, C. O. (2020). Analisis Resepsi Budaya Menjenguk Orang Sakit dalam Film Pendek Tilik pada Ibu-Ibu di Kabupaten Bantul. voxpop, 2(1), 100-115.

Widyastari, D. A., Isarabhakdi, P., & Shaluhiyah, Z. (2020). Intergenerational Patterns of Early Marriage and Childbearing in Rural Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 28(3), 250-264. Retrieved from

Winarto, A. Z. (2020). Kekerasan Simbolik Perempuan VS Perempuan sebagai Daya Pikat Film Pendek ‘Tilik’: Sebuah Ambivalensi. Media Bina Ilmiah, 15(2), 4073-4084.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

CAPTURE : Jurnal Seni Media Rekam by Jurusan Seni Media Rekam, Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain, Institut Seni Indonesia (ISI) Surakarta is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Capture has been Indexed by :

garudadikti.png   isjd.png sinta.png copernicusisi.png doaj.png




Capture Impact Factor


2338-428X (e-ISSN)      2086-308X (p-ISSN)